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    Özet: Harold Thomas Finney II (May 4, 1956 – August 28, 2014) was a developer for PGP Corporation, and was the second developer hired after Phil Zimmermann. In his early career, he was credited as lead…

    Harold Thomas Finney II (May 4, 1956 - August 28, 2014) was a developer
    for PGP Corporation, and was
    the second developer hired after Phil
    Zimmermann
    . In his early
    career, he was credited as lead developer on several console games. He also
    was an early bitcoin user and
    received the first bitcoin transaction from bitcoin's creator Satoshi
    Nakamoto
    .

    Early life and education

    Finney was born in Coalinga,
    California
    , in 1956. He
    went on to attend the California Institute of
    Technology
    ,
    graduating with a BS in engineering in 1981.

    Career

    After graduation from Caltech, he went to work in the computer gaming field
    for a company that developed video games such as Adventures of
    Tron
    , Armor
    Ambush
    ,
    Astroblast and Space
    Attack
    .[1]
    He later went to work for the PGP
    Corporation
    with whom he
    remained until his retirement in
    2011.[2]

    Finney was a noted cryptographic
    activist.[3]
    During the early 1990s, in addition to being a regular poster on the
    cypherpunks listserv, Finney ran
    two anonymous
    remailers
    .[4]
    Further cryptographic activism included running a (successful) contest to
    break the export-grade
    encryption

    Netscape
    used.[5]

    In 2004, Finney created the first reusable proof of work
    system
    before
    bitcoin.[ citation
    needed

    ][6]
    In January 2009, Finney was the bitcoin network's first transaction
    recipient.[7]

    Bitcoin

    Finney was a cypherpunk and
    said:[8]

    It seemed so obvious to me: "Here we are faced with the problems of loss of
    privacy, creeping computerization, massive databases, more centralization -
    and [David] Chaum offers a
    completely different direction to go in, one which puts power into the hands
    of individuals rather than governments and corporations. The computer can be
    used as a tool to liberate and protect people, rather than to control them."

    -- Finney wrote on the Cypherpunks Mailing List in 1992.

    He was an early bitcoin user and
    received the first bitcoin transaction from bitcoin's creator Satoshi
    Nakamoto
    . Finney lived in the
    same town for 10 years that Dorian Satoshi
    Nakamoto

    lived, adding to speculation that he may have been Bitcoin's
    creator.[9]
    Finney denied that he was Satoshi
    Nakamoto
    .[10]

    In March 2013, Finney posted on a bitcoin forum BitcoinTalk that he was
    essentially paralyzed, but continued to program. He continued to program until
    his death; he was working on experimental software called bcflick, which uses
    Trusted Computing to
    strengthen bitcoin wallets.

    During the last year of his life, the Finneys received anonymous calls
    demanding an extortion fee of 1,000 bitcoin. They became victims of
    swatting -- a hoax "where the
    perpetrator calls up emergency dispatch using a spoofed telephone number and
    pretends to have committed a heinous crime in the hopes of provoking an armed
    police response to the victim's
    home".[11]

    Private life, illness

    In October 2009, Finney announced in an essay on the blog Less
    Wrong
    that he had been diagnosed
    with amyotrophic lateral
    sclerosis
    (ALS)
    in August
    2009.[12]
    Prior to his illness, Finney had been an active runner. Finney and his wife
    Fran Finney raised money for ALS research with the Santa Barbara
    International
    Marathon
    .[13][14][15]

    Death

    Hal Finney died in Phoenix August 28, 2014 and was
    cryopreserved by the Alcor Life
    Extension
    Foundation
    .[2][16][17]

    References

    1. ^ "AtariAge". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
    2. ^ a b Popper, Nathaniel, "Hal Finney, Cryptographer and Bitcoin Pioneer, Dies at 58", The New York Times , August 30, 2014
    3. ^ "For instance, many ACLU members do not share the generalized antipathy toward government that is a common premise of "cypherpunk" activists like Hal Finney and Tim May." David Brin, The Transparent Society ch2
    4. ^ "Prospects for remailers - Parekh - First Monday". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
    5. ^ "Give Us Some Credit: Your Card is Safe", The Washington Post , 1996
    6. ^ "Here's The Problem With The New Theory That A Japanese Math Professor Is The Inventor Of Bitcoin". SFGate. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
    7. ^ "Hal Finney received the first Bitcoin transaction. Here's how he describes it". Washington Post. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
    8. ^ "The Little Black Book of Billionaire Secrets Nakamoto's Neighbor: My Hunt For Bitcoin's Creator Led To A Paralyzed Crypto Genius". Forbes. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
    9. ^ "The Little Black Book of Billionaire Secrets Nakamoto's Neighbor: My Hunt For Bitcoin's Creator Led To A Paralyzed Crypto Genius". Forbes. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
    10. ^ "The Little Black Book of Billionaire Secrets Nakamoto's Neighbor: My Hunt For Bitcoin's Creator Led To A Paralyzed Crypto Genius". Forbes. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
    11. ^ Robert McMillan (29 December 2014). "An Extortionist Has Been Making Life Hell for Bitcoin's Earliest Adopters". Wired. Cond e Nast. Retrieved 3 January 2015. 
    12. ^ "Dying Outside". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
    13. ^ Fight for a Cure for ALS: A Marathoners Story [ permanent dead link ]
    14. ^ "Hal and Fran Finney Are Running for a Cause". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
    15. ^ "After a Year of ALS, Reality Begins to Hit Home for Hal and Fran Finney". Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
    16. ^ Max More (2014-08-28). "Hal Finney being cryopreserved now"
    17. ^ Andy Greenberg (2014-08-28). "Bitcoin's Earliest Adopter Is Cryonically Freezing His Body to See the Future"

    External links


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